by Meenakshi Nagdeve last updated - Medically reviewed by Vanessa Voltolina (MS, RD)

Native to Asian countries like Indonesia, 印度, Pakistan, even areas of East 非洲, clove is a 香料 that offers many health benefits. 这些 benefits include aiding in digestion, boosting the immune system, controlling 糖尿病. 丁香还含有抗突变和抗微生物的特性 which may even 有助于防治口腔疾病和头痛.

What are 丁香s?

丁香 is a popular 香料 used in a variety of ways across the world, particularly in Asia. It 形成了许多不同的亚洲菜系的烹饪基础.

丁香是干了的花蕾 from the tree Syzygium aromaticum. It belongs to the plant family named 桃金娘科. It is an evergreen plant growing in tropical and subtropical conditions. [1]

丁香是一种草本植物,人们用它的不同部位, including the dried buds, 茎, leaves to make medicine. 丁香油 因其古老的药用特性而闻名.

Just like many other 香料s originating in Asia, clove has a great history behind it. During the 13th and 14th centuries, 它们是从印尼一路运到中国的, 印度, 波斯, 非洲, 和欧洲. 

During this time, cloves had a very high price, 于是,争夺丁香生产和分销垄断权的战争开始了. Many wars were waged to control the islands of Maluku during both the medieval and modern periods 因为这个群岛被称为香料岛 肉豆蔻, 梅斯 和丁香. 

荷兰 殖民 马鲁古群岛的历史. 今天,丁香在世界各地都是一种非常重要的经济作物.




丁香 has been used for thousands of years in 印度 and China not only as a 香料 but also as a medicine for many ailments. [3]

Nutrition Facts

Spices, cloves, ground
Serving Size :
能源 274
能源 [kJ]1145
蛋白质 [g]5.97
Total lipid (fat) [g]13
Carbohydrate, by difference [g]65.53
Fiber, total dietary [g]33.9
Sugars, total including NLEA [g]2.38
蔗糖 [g]0.02
Glucose (dextrose) [g]1.14
果糖 [g]1.07
半乳糖 [g]0.15
钙,钙 [mg]632
铁、铁 [mg]11.83
Magnesium, Mg [mg]259
Phosphorus, P [mg]104
钾、钾 [mg]1020
钠,钠 [mg]277
锌、锌 [mg]2.32
铜、铜 [mg]0.37
Manganese, Mn [mg]60.13
Selenium, Se [µg]7.2
Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid [mg]0.2
硫胺 [mg]0.16
核黄素 [mg]0.22
烟酸 [mg]1.56
Pantothenic acid [mg]0.51
维生素b - 6 [mg]0.39
Folate, total [µg]25
叶酸、食品 [µg]25
叶酸,教育部 [µg]25
Choline, total [mg]37.4
甜菜碱 [mg]1.4
Vitamin A, RAE [µg]8
Carotene, beta [µg]45
Cryptoxanthin, beta [µg]103
Vitamin A, IU [IU]160
Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) [mg]8.82
Vitamin K (phylloquinone) [µg]141.8
Fatty acids, total saturated [g]3.95
6:0 [g]0.01
8:0 [g]0.03
10:0 [g]0.13
12:0 [g]0.04
14:0 [g]0.26
15:0 [g]0.02
16:0 [g]1.86
17:0 [g]0.04
18:0 [g]0.68
20:0 [g]0.19
22:0 [g]0.18
24:0 [g]0.49
Fatty acids, total monounsaturated [g]1.39
16:1 [g]0.03
16:1 c [g]0.03
18:1 [g]0.99
18:1 c [g]0.78
20:1 [g]0.36
22:1 [g]0.02
22:1 c [g]0.02
Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated [g]3.61
18:2 [g]2.66
18:2 n-6 c, c [g]2.56
18:2一堂课 [g]0.06
18:3 [g]0.59
18:3 n-3 c,c,c (ALA) [g]0.59
20:2 n-6 c, c [g]0.02
20:3 [g]0.01
20:3 n-6 [g]0.01
20:4 [g]0.1
20:5 n-3 (EPA) [g]0.01
22:4 [g]0.06
22:5 n-3 (DPA) [g]0.18
Fatty acids, total trans [g]0.25
Fatty acids, total trans-monoenoic [g]0.21
18:1 t [g]0.21
18:2 t not further defined [g]0.04
Fatty acids, total trans-polyenoic [g]0.04
植物甾醇 [mg]256
色氨酸 [g]0.03
苏氨酸 [g]0.18
异亮氨酸 [g]0.24
亮氨酸 [g]0.4
赖氨酸 [g]0.37
甲硫氨酸 [g]0.08
胱氨酸 [g]0.07
Phenylalanine [g]0.23
酪氨酸 [g]0.19
缬氨酸 [g]0.34
精氨酸 [g]0.32
组氨酸 [g]0.13
丙氨酸 [g]0.29
Aspartic acid [g]0.6
Glutamic acid [g]0.56
甘氨酸 [g]0.28
脯氨酸 [g]0.39
丝氨酸 [g]0.24
Sources include : USDA [4]

丁香s Nutrition Facts

According to the USDA 菠菜导航网Data Central [5],丁香中的营养成分包括 carbohydrates, 蛋白质, energy, dietary 纤维. 矿物质 in cloves include , , , . The vitamins found in them include 维生素E, folate, 烟酸. They also contain , , , 维生素C硫胺, 核黄素, 维他命A 和K. 考虑到这种香料在许多菜肴中使用的数量很少, while they contain many nutrients, 人们可能不会大量获得它们.

Bioactive Substances in 丁香s

According to a University of Texas at Austin research study, certain bioactive 化合物 isolated from clove 提取 include flavonoids, 己烷, methylene chloride, 乙醇, 百里酚, 丁香酚, 和苯. 这些化学物质已被报道具有抗氧化剂, hepatoprotective, anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory properties. [6]

Health 好处 的丁香

Packed with nutrients and bioactive 化合物, it is no wonder that even a small amount of cloves have some interesting health benefits to offer. 让菠菜导航网600来看看它们的菠菜导航网600益处.


丁香s are known to have been used in several traditio部分 medici部分 cultures as a way to help with stomach issues. According to the 治愈草药:对菠菜导航网600有益的自然疗法’, cloves have been used to boost digestion and control gastrointesti部分 irritation. Furthermore, ingestion of fried cloves may even stop vomiting, owing to their anesthetic properties. It can also be an effective agent 可用于溃疡和泻药. [7]

Antibacterial Properties

丁香s are touted by many for their antibacterial properties 对 several human pathogens. The 提取 of cloves were thought to be potent enough to kill those pathogens.


丁香是治疗牙痛的常用药物. Photo Credit: Shutterstock


丁香含有大量的抗氧化剂, which may prove to be ideal for protecting the vital organs from the effects of free radicals, especially the liver. 新陈代谢, in the long run, 增加自由基的产生和脂质结构, 同时减少肝脏中的抗氧化剂. In such cases, clove 提取 may prove to be a helpful component 用它的肝保护特性来抵消这些影响. [9]

Might Assist in Diabetes Management

Extracts from cloves imitate insulin in certain ways and might help in controlling blood 水平. One study published in the Jour部分 of Ethnopharmacology found that cloves may have a beneficial effect on 糖尿病 as part of a plant-based diet. [10]

Can Help in Bone Preservation

这种香料的水醇提取物包括酚类化合物, such as 丁香酚, its derivatives, such as flavones, 异黄酮, flavonoids. Studies have suggested that these 提取 may be helpful in preserving bone density and the mineral content of bone, 以及增加骨骼的抗拉强度以防 骨质疏松症. 需要更多的研究来证实这些发现的有效性. [11]

Can Work As An Immunity Booster

Ayurveda describes certain plants to be effective in developing and protecting the immune system. One such plant is clove. The dried flower bud of clove contains 化合物 that can help in improving the immune system by increasing the white blood cell count, 从而, 改善dth. [12]

Anti-inflammatory Properties

这种香料具有消炎和止痛的作用. Studies on clove 提取 administered to lab rats suggest that the presence of 丁香酚 reduced the inflammation caused by 水肿. It was also confirmed that 丁香酚 can reduce pain by stimulating pain receptors. [13]

Might Help Restore Oral Health

丁香可以用来减少 gum diseases 例如牙龈炎和牙周炎. 丁香 bud 提取 have the potential to 显著控制口腔病原菌生长, 哪些是导致各种口腔疾病的原因, as per a study published in the Jour部分 of Natural Products. They can also be used for toothaches due to their pain-killing properties. [14]


丁香是一种草本植物,人们用它的不同部位, including the dried buds, 茎, leaves to make medicine.

Aphrodisiac Properties

Since ancient times, 香料s such as clove and 肉豆蔻 have been said to possess aphrodisiac properties, according to Unani medicine. Experiments on clove and 肉豆蔻 提取 were tested 对 standard drugs administered for that reason, 丁香和肉豆蔻都有阳性结果. [15]

Might Cure Headaches

用丁香可以减轻头痛. 把一些香辛蕾做成糊状,和少许石头混合在一起 . Add this to a glass of 牛奶. 这种混合物能快速有效地减轻头痛. [16]

Where to Buy 丁香s?

You can buy good quality whole cloves online or at your local supermarket. They are best stored in tiny 香料 glasses or steel containers in a cool, 干燥的地方,可以保存数月. 新鲜的丁香味道浓郁,所以一定要少用.

副作用 的丁香 

丁香中的成分可以 prove harmful if used in excess or undiluted. Here are some of the derivatives of cloves that should be used responsibly.

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About the Author

Meenakshi Nagdeve, Co-Founder, Organic Facts 是一个菠菜导航网600和菠菜导航网600爱好者,并负责管理它. She has completed the 营养和菠菜导航网600生活康奈尔证书项目, Cornell University, US. She holds a Post Graduate Diploma in Management from IIM Bangalore and B. Tech in Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science from IIT Bombay. 在此之前,她在IT和金融服务部门工作了几年. An ardent follower of 自然疗法,她相信菠菜导航网可以治愈. In her free time, she loves to travel and taste different types of teas.

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